Key data for Afghanistan

NCI27th HRCI45th HANCI38th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 40.9% Wasting: 9.5% Proportion of population underweight: 25% Source: Unicef

Strong Performance

  • Afghanistan gives some policy attention to nutrition, and shows reasonable performance on selected outcome indicators.
  • The government promotes complementary feeding practices of children aged 6–9 months and continued breastfeeding of children at ages 12–15 and 20–23 months.
  • Further, 100% of children aged 6–59 months received 2 two high doses of vitamin A supplements within the last year.
  • Recent nutrition surveys provide Afghan policymakers with good quality evidence to inform policy. The most recent were the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (2010/11) and the Demographic and Health Survey (2010).
  • Afghanistan has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing Breastmilk Substitutes in domestic law.

Areas for improvement

  • Afghanistan’s investment in agriculture is low at 3.7% of total public spending.
  • The agricultural research and extension system is weak and does not address the needs of poor farmers.
  • Although a near majority of poor rural households have access to some land, tenure is often insecure.
  • Despite equal legal rights, discriminatory practices militate against women’s access to and ownership of land.
  • Just 28.5% of the population have access to improved sanitation and 60.6% to improved drinking water.
  • Social protection systems cover few people and limited risks.
  • Clear scope exists to improve the civil registration system; currently 37.4% of life births are covered.
  • Only 47.9% of women aged 15–49 were attended at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel.
  • There are no economic rights for women in law and Afghan law may codify systematic discrimination based on sex.
  • Afghanistan does not have a separate budget line for nutrition which makes it difficult to maintain public oversight.
  • A right to food could be more clearly enshrined in the Constitution of Afghanistan.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Government spending on agriculture ?4.3%201224th
Government spending on health ?7.1%201237th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Security of access to land?Moderate201336th
Access to agri. extension services ?Moderate201334th
Civil registration of live births ?37.4%2010-201133rd
Status of safety nets?Non-Existent201441st
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Constitutional right to food ?Weak200620th
Women’s access to agricultural land?In Law, not in Practice20144th
Women’s Economic rights ?No201130th
Constitutional right to social security?No200631st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Nutrition budget ?No201228th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A coverage ?97%201314th
Governments promote complementary feeding?Yes20121st
Access to drinking water ?64.2%201230th
Access to sanitation?29%201228th
Skilled birth attendance ?47.9%201144th
Extent of nutrition features in national dev. policies/strategies?Weak201321st
National nutrition policy, plan or strategy?Yes20121st
Multi-sectoral and multi-stakeholder coord. mechanism?Yes20121st
Time bound nutrition targets?Yes20121st
National nutrition survey ?Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law ?Fully enshrined20141st