Key data for Brazil

NCI4th HRCI9th HANCI5th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 7.1% Wasting: 1.6% Proportion of population underweight: 2.2% Source: Ministry of Health Angola (2007)

Strong Performance

  • Brazil has instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, improving public oversight and accountability for spending.
  • The Government of Brazil has established a National Nutrition Strategy and a coordinating body bringing together stakeholders from across sectors.
  • Brazil has institutional, legal and market frameworks that allow a majority of poor rural households, including women, indigenous populations and other vulnerable groups, to gain access to secure land tenure.
  • Brazil’s diverse and effective extension system is properly reaching out to poor farmers.
  • Brazil makes substantial investments in health (8.7% of public spending) supporting access to essential services for vulnerable groups.
  • The government promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • People’s access to improved sources of drinking water (97.2%) is high. Moreover, 98.2% of women aged 15–49 were attended at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.

Areas for improvement

  • Instituting regular (once every three years) nutrition surveys would enable policymakers to have access to up to date information.
  • Whereas Brazilian law asserts equal land ownership rights, weak enforcement sustains discrimination against women reduces their access to, and ownership of land. This increases women’s vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • While the Brazilian law protects women’s economic rights; in practice these rights are sometimes not upheld.
  • Nutrition policy could include time bound nutrition targets to be held accountable against.
 

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Government spending on agriculture ?2%201137th
Government spending on health ?7.6%201236th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Security of access to land?Strong20135th
Access to agri. extension services ?Strong20131st
Civil registration of live births ?92.8%20114th
Status of safety nets?Well Developed20141st
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Constitutional right to food ?Strong20131st
Women’s access to agricultural land?In Law and Practice20141st
Women’s Economic rights ?Not Enforced20115th
Constitutional right to social security?Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Nutrition budget ?Yes20121st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A coverage ?13.8%201342nd
Governments promote complementary feeding?Yes20121st
Access to drinking water ?97.5%20121st
Access to sanitation?81.3%20121st
Skilled birth attendance ?98.2%20092nd
Extent of nutrition features in national dev. policies/strategies?Weak201315th
National nutrition policy, plan or strategy?Yes20141st
Multi-sectoral and multi-stakeholder coord. mechanism?Yes20121st
Time bound nutrition targets?Yes20141st
National nutrition survey ?No201234th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law ?Fully enshrined20141st