Key data for India

NCI30th HRCI7th HANCI17th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 47.9% Wasting: 20% Proportion of population underweight: 43.5% Source: DHS (2014)

Strong Performance

  • India’s diverse and effective extension system is properly reaching out to poor farmers.
  • The Indian constitution recognises a right to social security.
  • People’s access to improved sources of drinking water (91.6%) is high compared to other South Asian neighbours.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.

Areas for improvement

  • The Government does not promote complementary feeding practices and only 66% of children aged 6–59 months received 2 high doses of vitamin A supplements within 2011.
  • Only 35.1% of the population has access to sanitation. This is a barrier to improving hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • The Government of India has established a nutrition policy but has not established a coordinating body to bring together stakeholders from across sectors, and the policy does not have time bound nutrition targets.
  • As national nutrition surveys are not conducted regularly the policymakers do not have access to up to date information.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Government spending on agriculture ?6.3%201215th
Government spending on health ?9.4%201230th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Security of access to land?Moderate201317th
Access to agri. extension services ?Strong201315th
Civil registration of live births ?83.59999999999999%20118th
Status of safety nets?Rudimentary20146th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Constitutional right to food ?Moderate20118th
Women’s access to agricultural land?In Law, not in Practice20144th
Women’s Economic rights ?Not Enforced20115th
Constitutional right to social security?Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Nutrition budget ?No201220th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A coverage ?53%201336th
Governments promote complementary feeding?Yes20141st
Access to drinking water ?92.59999999999999%20125th
Access to sanitation?36%201223rd
Skilled birth attendance ?74.2%200637th
Extent of nutrition features in national dev. policies/strategies?Weak201435th
National nutrition policy, plan or strategy?Yes20141st
Multi-sectoral and multi-stakeholder coord. mechanism?No201239th
Time bound nutrition targets?No201437th
National nutrition survey ?Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law ?Fully enshrined20141st