Key data for Mozambique

NCI23rd HRCI33rd HANCI28th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 43.1% Wasting: 6.1% Proportion of population underweight: 15.6% Source: MDG endlilne survey (2014)

Strong Performance

  • 92% of women aged 15–49 were attended at least once during pregnancy by skilled health workers and 100% of children aged 6–59 months received 2 high doses of vitamin A supplements.
  • Mozambique has made major efforts to involve poor farmers in setting agricultural extension priorities, and has improved extension systems that try to reach poor farmers.
  • Regular (once every three years) nutrition surveys have enabled policymakers to access to up to date information.
  • Mozambique has developed a National Nutrition Policy, with a multisectoral and multistakeholder coordination mechanism.
  • Mozambique has introduced a separate nutrition line in its budget enabling public oversight.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.

Areas for improvement

  • Mozambique’s spending in its health sector (7.8% of total public spending) is not yet fully meeting its (15%) commitment set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • Mozambique’s spending in agriculture (5.5% of public spending) is only half of what was committed to in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration.
  • Women have equal legal rights but there are discriminatory practices against women’s access to and ownership of land.
  • There are no economic rights for women in law and Mozambican law may codify systematic discrimination based on sex.
  • Mozambique does not recognise a right to food or a right to social security in its constitution.
  • Mozambicans’ weak access to water (47% of the population) and sanitation (19%) is a major barrier to improving hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (48%), and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.
  • Government policies do not support complementary feeding, and nutrition policy could strengthen accountability by setting out time bound nutrition targets to be achieved.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Government spending on agriculture ?2.6%201334th
Government spending on health ?8.800000000000001%201231st
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Security of access to land?Strong201310th
Access to agri. extension services ?Strong20134th
Civil registration of live births ?47.9%201130th
Status of safety nets?Non-Existent201422nd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Constitutional right to food ?Moderate20138th
Women’s access to agricultural land?In Law, not in Practice20144th
Women’s Economic rights ?Not Enforced20115th
Constitutional right to social security?No200631st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Nutrition budget ?No201428th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A coverage ?99%20131st
Governments promote complementary feeding?Yes20141st
Access to drinking water ?49.2%201244th
Access to sanitation?21%201235th
Skilled birth attendance ?90.59999999999999%201122nd
Extent of nutrition features in national dev. policies/strategies?Weak201414th
National nutrition policy, plan or strategy?Yes20141st
Multi-sectoral and multi-stakeholder coord. mechanism?Yes20141st
Time bound nutrition targets?Yes20141st
National nutrition survey ?Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law ?Fully enshrined20141st