Key data for Nigeria

NCI34th HRCI42nd HANCI40th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 36.4% Wasting: 18.1% Proportion of population underweight: 31% Source: MICS (2009)

Strong Performance

  • The National Nutrition Policy and Strategic Plan sets time bound nutrition targets and has set up an intersectoral coordinating body - the National Nutrition Committee.
  • Regular (once every three years) nutrition surveys enable policymakers to have access to up to date information.
  • The Nigerian Government promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • The right to social security is recognised in the constitution of Nigeria.
  • Nigeria has enshrined many, though not all provisions of the International Code for Marketing Breastmilk Substitutes in domestic law.

Areas for improvement

  • Government investments in health (7.5% of total public spending) are half of the African Union’s Abuja Declaration target (15%).
  • Spending on agriculture (5.7% of public spending), does not yet meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Instituting a separate budget for nutrition would enhance public accountability.
  • Only 61.1% of the population has access to improved water sources and 30.6% has access to sanitation.
  • Only 57.7% of women aged 15–49 were attended at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel.
  • Constitutional protection of the right to food is weak and so are women’s economic rights and property rights. Some of these rights exist on paper but are not effectively enforced.
  • There is substantial scope for improving the civil registration system; currently less than half of life births are covered. This potentially limits children from gaining access to basic services including health and education, as this is dependent on proof of legal identity.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Government spending on agriculture ?2%201338th
Government spending on health ?6.7%201239th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Security of access to land?Moderate201325th
Access to agri. extension services ?Moderate201335th
Civil registration of live births ?29.8%201338th
Status of safety nets?Rudimentary201412th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Constitutional right to food ?Weak201120th
Women’s access to agricultural land?In Law, not in Practice20144th
Women’s Economic rights ?No201130th
Constitutional right to social security?Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Nutrition budget ?No201228th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A coverage ?70%201332nd
Governments promote complementary feeding?Yes20101st
Access to drinking water ?64%201231st
Access to sanitation?27.8%201229th
Skilled birth attendance ?60.6%201341st
Extent of nutrition features in national dev. policies/strategies?Weak201440th
National nutrition policy, plan or strategy?Yes20141st
Multi-sectoral and multi-stakeholder coord. mechanism?Yes20141st
Time bound nutrition targets?Yes20141st
National nutrition survey ?Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law ?Aspects Enshrined201421st