Key data for Tanzania

NCI11th HRCI30th HANCI19th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 34.7% Wasting: 3.8% Proportion of population underweight: 13.4% Source: DHS (2013)

Strong Performance

  • Tanzania has instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, improving public oversight and accountability for spending.
  • The Government of Tanzania has established a National Nutrition Strategy and a coordinating body bringing together stakeholders from across sectors.
  • Tanzania has institutional, legal and market frameworks that allow a majority of poor rural households, including women, indigenous populations and other vulnerable groups, to gain access to secure land tenure.
  • Tanzania’s diverse and effective extension system is properly reaching out to poor farmers.
  • The Government promotes complementary feeding practices and 97% of children aged 6–59 months received 2 high doses of vitamin A supplements within 2011.
  • The principles of the International Code of Marketing Breastmilk Substitutes are fully enshrined in Tanzanian law.
  • Tanzania makes substantial investments in health (11.1% of public spending) supporting access to essential services for children and women.
  • Regular (once every three years) nutrition surveys enable policymaker access to up to date information.

Areas for improvement

  • The Vision 2025 long term development strategy does not recognise a role for nutrition as a key area of development (unlike its medium term MKUKUTA II poverty reduction strategy).
  • Access to improved sources of drinking water (53.3%) and sanitation (11.9%) is low in Tanzania, and this is likely to significantly hold back better nutrition outcomes.
  • The Constitution of Tanzania sets out a right to social security and a right to a minimum wage, however, it does not explicitly or implicitly enshrine a right to food.
  • Whereas Tanzanian law asserts equal land ownership rights, in practice discrimination against women reduces their access to, and ownership of land. This increases women’s vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Tanzanian law does not protect economic rights for women; systematic discrimination based on sex may be built into law.
  • Only 16.3% of live births are officially registered in Tanzania. This potentially limits many children’s access to basic services, where such access is dependent on proof of legal identity.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Government spending on agriculture ?3.7%201327th
Government spending on health ?10.3%201221st
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Security of access to land?Strong20138th
Access to agri. extension services ?Strong20134th
Civil registration of live births ?16.3%201043rd
Status of safety nets?Rudimentary201412th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Constitutional right to food ?Weak201120th
Women’s access to agricultural land?In Law, not in Practice20144th
Women’s Economic rights ?No201130th
Constitutional right to social security?Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Nutrition budget ?Yes20141st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A coverage ?92%201321st
Governments promote complementary feeding?Yes20101st
Access to drinking water ?53.2%201239th
Access to sanitation?12.2%201243rd
Skilled birth attendance ?87.8%201026th
Extent of nutrition features in national dev. policies/strategies?Weak201439th
National nutrition policy, plan or strategy?Yes20141st
Multi-sectoral and multi-stakeholder coord. mechanism?Yes20141st
Time bound nutrition targets?Yes20141st
National nutrition survey ?Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law ?Fully enshrined20141st