Key data for Zambia

NCI23rd HRCI38th HANCI30th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 40.1% Wasting: 6% Proportion of population underweight: 14.8% Source: DHS (2011)

Strong Performance

  • Zambia is one of the few countries in sub-Saharan Africa which meets its promises made under the Maputo and Abuja Declarations, to spend over 10% of public expenditures on agriculture (10.2%) and over 15% on health (16%)
  • Zambia’s diverse and effective extension system is properly reaching out to poor farmers.
  • 93.7% of women aged 15–49 were attended at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel, and the Government promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • The Government of Zambia has established a nutrition strategy and a coordinating body bringing together stakeholders from across sectors. It has also identified time bound nutrition targets.
  • Zambia has enshrined many, though not all provisions of the International Code for Marketing Breastmilk Substitutes in domestic law.

Areas for improvement

  • There is substantial scope for improving the coverage of Zambia’s civil registration system. Only 14% of live births. This potentially limits children from gaining access to basic services, including health and education.
  • People’s access to improved sources of drinking water (64.1%) and sanitation (42.1%) are low in Zambia, and this is likely to significantly hold back better nutrition outcomes.
  • Regular (once every three years) nutrition surveys have not been done and as result the policymakers do not have access to up to date information.
  • Constitutional articles identifying a right to food could be made justiciable.
  • Strengthen economic rights for women in law and reduce systematic discrimination based on sex.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Government spending on agriculture ?5%201320th
Government spending on health ?16.4%20126th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Security of access to land?Moderate201325th
Access to agri. extension services ?Strong201315th
Civil registration of live births ?11.3%201444th
Status of safety nets?Rudimentary201412th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Constitutional right to food ?Weak200620th
Women’s access to agricultural land?In Law, not in Practice201441st
Women’s Economic rights ?No201130th
Constitutional right to social security?No200631st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Nutrition budget ?No201420th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A coverage ?93%201320th
Governments promote complementary feeding?Yes20141st
Access to drinking water ?63.3%201232nd
Access to sanitation?42.8%201220th
Skilled birth attendance ?93.7%200715th
Extent of nutrition features in national dev. policies/strategies?Weak201316th
National nutrition policy, plan or strategy?Yes20141st
Multi-sectoral and multi-stakeholder coord. mechanism?Yes20141st
Time bound nutrition targets?Yes20141st
National nutrition survey ?Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law ?Aspects Enshrined201421st